English language users are fond of using the pronoun or determiner *much* in place of *many* and vice versa. Some of us are not aware of how they work and when they are to be used. Let’s quickly unravel the confusion behind this misuse.
1 *Many* is used with plural nouns; that is, countable nouns, and plural verbs, most especially in negative sentences, to mean, *”a large number of”*. It can either be a pronoun or a determiner.
a) I don’t have many clothes left.✅
Don’t say, *I don’t have much clothes left.*❌
b) You can’t have one each, we haven’t got many. ✅
c) Many people rejected the offer.✅
*Don’t say,* Much people rejected the offer.❌
*Many* can also be used in questions to ask about the size of a number.
d) How many children do you have?✅
When asked about the rate of people in an event,
*Don’t Say:* They were much.❌
*Say:* They were many.✅
*Much*, in contrary to *Many*, is used with uncountable nouns, especially in negative sentences, to mean, ‘a large amount of something.’
a) I don’t have much salt in my kitchen.✅
*Don’t say:* I don’t have many salt in my kitchen.❌
“Salt” happens to be an uncountable noun; therefore, it has to go with *much*, not *many*
b) I don’t have much money on me. Not, I don’t have many money on me.✅
NB: We all should take cognisance of the fact that, *many* is used for countable nouns, and *much*, is for uncountable nouns, to strengthen the grammaticality of our sentences.
Much can also be an adverb. Example:
*You worry too much.*